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As a paving material for buildings, tiles were used in ancient Rome. In the 20th century, they were used in a variety of buildings. The theme of product design has always been around the imitation of natural materials such as various types of stone, wood, natural phenomena, water ripples, Light shadows, or other artificial materials such as artificial geometric patterns of wallpaper, water ripples, cloth lines, skin patterns, etc., and only the natural stone can occupy the mainstream status for a long time, all kinds of wood grain occupy a secondary position, other patterns Because it is relatively unnatural, it can only occupy a relatively minor position in the short term, and this situation seems to be difficult to change in 2018.
Technology upgrade leads product diversification
The development trend of ceramic tiles in 2018, although the theme remains unchanged, due to the continuous evolution of technology, the types of ceramic tile products will continue to be more diverse, including:
First, the underglaze color polished tiles:
Due to the more mature and stable production technology, the underglaze color polished tiles will be launched in large numbers. The color patterns are rich and bright, and the resolution is high. The polished tiles produced by traditional equipment are lively and colorful, and the market acceptance is increased, which will replace the market demand of many traditional polished tiles.
Second, the size of the tile:
With the rising housing prices and the need for competition, the use of building materials has become more advanced. Due to the larger size of the tiles and the relatively high price, the large-scale products on the market are constantly being introduced. Therefore, the use of tiles and the level of parity bricks are gradually increasing from a few years ago. 40X40, 50X50 to the current 60X60, 60X60 cm or more is no longer unattainable. The floor tile 80X80 cm has become a must-have for middle and upper-class residences, and the previous advanced brick 30X60 cm has become the basic equipment.
Third, the tile is thin:
In the production area, due to the use of high-tonnage mold-free forming presses (maximum forming presses up to 50,000 tons), large-scale thin-plate ceramics have been developed in recent years, and the largest products can be produced up to 480×160 cm, and the thinnest production thickness can reach 0.3 cm. It can also produce porcelain plates of various sizes through suitable cutting. It is suitable for use on exterior wall bases and interior wall. It is gradually becoming mature with transportation and construction methods under the requirements of energy saving, environmental protection, lightweight building and more performance space. Imports from manufacturers and importers will increase, prices will decrease, and acceptance will increase significantly.
Fourth, digital glazing products:
With the development of digital technology, traditional ceramic tiles are glazed by flat screen or drum, most of which have been replaced by digital inkjet glazing machines. Digital inkjet glazing products have a resolution of more than 360 DPI, which can produce multi-plate products. The surface effect can also be achieved by an advanced digital inkjet glazing machine. The texture color can be changed as needed, the color is lively and the simulation is high.
Fifth, the product is three-dimensional:
Traditional ceramic tiles are limited by the contact printing glazing technology, and the concave and convex texture or texture cannot be fully expressed. The digital inkjet glazing technology adopts the non-contact inkjet glazing method to solve the previous limitations and make the concave and convex texture fully present. The three-dimensional pattern design can also be adopted on the flat ceramic tile, and the digital high-resolution glazing technology is used to present a three-dimensional texture.
Sixth, product price parity:
Globalization, the popularization of ceramic tile production equipment and technology, Southeast Asia and India, where raw materials and manpower are relatively low, have gradually become a major ceramic tile production town, especially in India. With the full support of the government, the local market has a large demand, its production volume and The product quality has grown into a leap, and local active manufacturers have invested heavily in the latest production equipment and technology. Their products have been able to be close to the world's leading manufacturers, and because of the cost advantages of raw materials and labor, they can provide high-quality and relatively cheap products in the market.
Today, the world is facing environmental problems with lack of environmental protection and natural resources. Natural stone is difficult to obtain, product color cannot be supplied in large quantities, quality is difficult to control, and various types of wood are also difficult to be cut down due to environmental factors, so natural products are expensive. Relatively speaking, ceramic tiles produced by industrial standardization digital technology have greatly improved in the degree of fidelity. The products have the visual and tactile sensations such as natural stone and wood grain. The products have physical properties such as pressure resistance, abrasion resistance and durability. Both quality and quantity can replace the use of natural stone and wood, in line with contemporary design requirements and consumer needs, when it can further replace the use of natural materials.
2018 tile type popular prediction
In terms of tile types, there are several products that will receive more attention in the market in 2018. The following are our predictions:
1. Large size brick:
As far as the development of ceramic tiles is concerned, the first mainstream is imitation stone. The stone-like tiles inherit the natural texture and noble temperament of traditional stone, and the effect is very realistic, giving people a natural and natural visual experience. After the popularization of inkjet technology, the effect of stone-like stone is more realistic and natural. In the future, imitation stone is still the mainstream. In recent years, the innovation of ceramic tile research and development technology, large-size ceramic tiles have gradually emerged in the market. From 60x120, 75x150, to the latest 120x240, 100x300. Large-size bricks reduce seams, presenting a majestic aesthetic and deepening the ductility of the space.
This year, the thin plate still shines, and the special thinness and easy processing characteristics of the thin plate allow any table to be covered. In the original material, it is not necessary to remove it again, as long as the unevenness is smoothed, the thin plate can be directly covered. It has the advantages of light weight, reduced energy loss in transportation, and load capacity of building structures. It has a variety of choices such as wood grain, metal and stone. The thin plate is no longer just thin, but the size is also larger. It is foreseeable that this will become the trend of the next high-end luxury house. You don't have to worry about scratches, cuts, burns, and you can knock the walnuts on the counter. As long as the thin plate is cut out of a hole, the gas stove can be easily installed, and a set of durable kitchen utensils is born. In addition to the decoration and living furniture, the thin board can also be used for educational purposes. The thin board is easy to clean and has a large area. It can be used in schools and offices. It no longer needs a projection screen, and the curtain can be pulled down. You can use the projector to directly project. Promote meeting efficiency on all-white sheets.
2. Wood grain tiles
In recent years, the great leap forward of printing technology, the imitation of the wood grain is vivid, and the realism becomes lifelike; when carefully touched, the grain on the brick surface seems to have just cut down the unprocessed wood, and it has natural unevenness. In addition to the classic wood color, the gray-white tone is also the trend of this year, no longer limited to the color effect of solid wood, adding a colorful paint effect. And unlike the woody bricks that are generally shiny, the retro and rough textures are gradually becoming popular. With the continuous maturity of wood grain brick technology, especially imported from Italy, the texture of each tile is different. From the tree-shaped texture to the touch texture, the surface texture is more realistic and delicate, not only visually stereoscopic, but also tactile. It is more true to restore the feeling of bumps and bumps.
3. Subway tiles
In the subways of London and New York, there is often a bright and neat tile on the walls called subway tiles. This brick with a subway culture is widely used in interior design and has become a pioneer and fashionable representative. Metro bricks are suitable for many decorative styles: rustic, medieval, or modern, industrial, art deco. They are not boring at all, they are eternal classics, and they don't need to change for a few years. The Spanish brand CVA is the leader in color brick products. Not only has a rich color system, but also a variety of different sizes and textures. Calculate with simple mathematical logic, multiply different colors by different sizes and multiply them by different faces. The answer will be an amazing N-th power number. This versatile collocation method can enrich your wall and create a unique space atmosphere, just like a magician is magical, let the audience indulge in the gorgeous illusion, to ensure a unique space and unique Atmosphere.
4. Flower artistic tile
"One flower, one world, one brick and one space", due to the rise of the retro trend, the artistic sense of the tiles, the acceptance in recent years has increased year by year, becoming a monotonous medicine in the space. Today's tiles have richer textures, stronger textures and more styles.
The use of vintage tiles on kitchen walls or bathroom walls is one of the classic decorative techniques, and the use of larger tiled tiles in the living room or hallway can completely break the monotony and play the "carpet" visual effect. If the living room and dining room are tiled, it can play a role in dividing the use area, simple and clear yet elegant.
The charm of the tile lies in its unique texture and pattern blending. The small tile art effect of the smaller size is more prominent. The colorful tiles can be combined with the plain single tile to create a variety of spatial effects. Style requirements. If the floor tile size is large or the color is too single, it is easy to appear that the space is not vivid enough. At this time, the tiles can be mixed to achieve a good embellishment.
5. terrazzo tiles
In most people's impressions, terrazzo may already be a bit old-fashioned and outdated building material. However, in recent years, the building materials for terrazzo have been updated and applied. The terrazzo Terrazzo, a composite stone concept, removes the surface and reveals a cross section of the stone deposited inside and forms a uniform gravel pattern. The extensive use of Terrazzo originated in Venice, Italy, and was originally used as a substitute for natural stone such as marble. Its production is very time-consuming and energy-consuming, and there is a huge waste of energy in the process, so it is gradually replaced by ceramic tiles.